Energy transformation is a process currently taking place in many European Union countries, aiming to transition to sustainable economies through the use of renewable energy sources, energy conservation, and increased energy efficiency, in line with the principles of sustainable development. The ultimate goal of this transformation is the complete replacement of coal, uranium, and other non-renewable energy sources.
Energy transformation is a process of changing energy sources and methods of utilization to enhance efficiency, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and adapt energy systems to new challenges such as climate change, while ensuring sustainable development. The aim of energy transformation is to reshape the energy infrastructure to be more sustainable, environmentally friendly, and efficient.
Key elements of energy transformation include:
- Renewable Energy Sources (RES): Increasing the share of renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, hydropower, and geothermal energy, in the global energy mix. RES is more environmentally friendly and helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
- Energy Efficiency: Improving energy efficiency in buildings, industry, transportation, and other sectors. This involves minimizing losses and using less energy to achieve the same goals.
- Electrification: Increasing electrification in various sectors of the economy, such as transportation and heating. Electrification can be powered by renewable energy sources, contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
- Energy Storage Technologies: Advancing energy storage technologies, such as batteries, to effectively store and utilize electrical energy from RES when needed.
- Development of Energy Networks: Adapting and expanding energy networks to enable the transmission of energy from distant renewable sources to consumers.
- Policies and Regulations: Implementing appropriate policies, regulations, and incentives that promote energy transformation, such as emissions trading systems, subsidies for RES, and energy efficiency standards.
Energy transformation aims to achieve a resilient, low-emission, and sustainable energy system that contributes to mitigating climate change, improving air quality, and enhancing energy independence. It is a crucial component of global efforts toward sustainable development and combating climate change.
Renewable energy comes from sources such as wind, biomass (including landfill gas and biogas), water, solar power (both thermal and photovoltaic), geothermal energy, and marine tides. These sources are intended to serve as alternatives to fossil fuels (such as oil and coal), nuclear fuel (uranium), and natural gas.
Fragmentary actions have limited potential, so the timely implementation of energy transformation requires several parallel steps. You can achieve this through our assistance. Saving energy and improving energy efficiency play a key role in transformation, such as better thermal insulation in buildings, cogeneration, and the recovery of heat and energy. Additionally, smart electric meters can schedule energy consumption when electricity is most affordable.
After the transitional period of transformation—with a continuous increase in energy production from renewable sources—Renewable Energy Sources (OZE) are projected to constitute the majority, if not all, of the world’s energy resources within 50 years, according to the projection adopted by the International Energy Agency, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
In Poland, the primary directions of energy transformation include:
- Improving energy efficiency.
- Increasing the security of fuel and energy supplies.
- Diversifying the structure of electricity generation by introducing nuclear energy.
- Developing the use of renewable energy sources, including biofuels.
- Developing competitive fuel and energy markets.
- Mitigating the impact of the energy sector on the environment.
Carbon footprint is the total sum of greenhouse gas emissions caused directly or indirectly by products, individuals, organizations, or events. It is measured in t CO₂e – tons of carbon dioxide equivalent. Different greenhouse gasses contribute to global warming to varying degrees, and the carbon dioxide equivalent allows for the comparison of emissions from different gasses on a common scale; for example, one ton of methane is equivalent to 25 tons of CO₂. The carbon footprint includes emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and other greenhouse gasses (GHGs) expressed in CO₂ equivalent. On average, each Polish citizen generates around 8 tons of CO₂ annually.
Calculation of carbon footprint serves various purposes:
- Business Client Requirements: Often demanded by business clients, particularly from Western Europe and Scandinavia, who want information about the carbon footprint of the purchased product.
- Client-Driven Reduction Strategies: Clients seek ways to reduce their carbon footprint by changing raw materials, packaging, transportation methods, minimizing resource consumption, or reducing waste generation.
- Public Client Emission Requirements: Public clients, as part of green public procurement, may have requirements regarding greenhouse gas emissions.
- Corporate Strategy: Incorporated into the company’s strategy for managing and reducing greenhouse gas emissions as part of corporate responsibility.
- Investor and Regulatory Compliance: Preparation for increasing demands from investors, financial institutions, and new legal regulations.
- CDP Reporting: Client requirement for reporting to the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) and achieving a high rating as a condition for continued collaboration.
- Positive Audit Preparation: Implementation of actions in anticipation of a positive audit for potential clients.
- Environmental Actions in Companies: Taking environmental actions in companies to achieve the expected valuation upon sale.
- Due Diligence Audits: Conducting due diligence audits when acquiring a company.
- Data Collection System: Development of a data collection system from domestic and international branches to calculate the carbon footprint for clients and create a climate-neutral service by offsetting unavoidable GHG emissions.
- Carbon Offset Sales: Determination of the amount of absorbed or avoided GHG emissions for sale as carbon offset.
- Calculation for Dairy Farms: Calculation of the carbon footprint for dairy farms and the development of a plan for achieving a 20% reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to the year 2017.
Carbon footprint, also known as an ecological or greenhouse gas footprint, is a measure of the amount of greenhouse gasses, especially carbon dioxide (CO2), emitted into the atmosphere due to human activities or a product, service, company, project, or other endeavors. The carbon footprint is used to assess the impact on climate change and the environment because greenhouse gasses, such as CO2, are the main contributors to the greenhouse effect, which contributes to global warming and climate change.
The carbon footprint can be calculated in various ways, but generally, it measures greenhouse gas emissions expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e). This means that it also takes into account other greenhouse gasses, such as methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), by converting them into CO2 equivalents.
Examples of carbon footprints include:
- Product Carbon Footprint: Determines emissions associated with the production, transportation, and use of a product, such as cars, clothing, food, or electronics.
- Company Carbon Footprint: Measures the overall greenhouse gas emissions related to the company’s activities, including office management, production, transportation, and other processes.
- Project or Event Carbon Footprint: Analyzes emissions resulting from a specific project, event, or undertaking, such as building construction, organizing a concert, or hosting a festival.
- Personal Carbon Footprint: Assesses greenhouse gas emissions associated with an individual’s daily activities, such as travel, food consumption, and energy use at home.
The carbon footprint is a crucial tool in sustainable development efforts and the fight against climate change. It helps identify areas where action can be taken to reduce emissions, contributing to achieving climate goals and minimizing the impact on the natural environment.
Climate neutrality is currently one of the most significant challenges in climate protection. It is a state of balance (zero balance) between emitted greenhouse gasses and their absorption or storage by soils, forests, or water reservoirs. Achieving climate neutrality involves reducing emissions of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere and implementing mechanisms to facilitate their absorption or storage, where we can assist you.
Climate neutrality is legally regulated through the current “Energy Policy of Poland until 2040.” The reconstruction and transformation of the Polish energy sector are to be based on low-emission sources such as solar energy, wind energy, hydropower, geothermal, and nuclear energy. Such an energy mix will significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Your company can implement these changes from start to finish with our assistance.
The Energy Group consists of specialists and technological partners from various business sectors, associated with so-called alternative energy, and they are engaged based on the needs and development of the project. The presented offer includes a comprehensive service in the preparation of analyses and project documentation. We offer you energy services ranging from expert assessments, determination of carbon footprint, energy sales, energy transformation, to the construction of a Zero-Emission Power Plant. Through collaboration with us, you will gain energy independence and reduce energy purchase costs by 30% – 50%.