Synthetic fuels are produced through various chemical processes. As early as the 1930s, there were facilities in Poland producing synthetic gasoline. However, this production ceased in the 1950s, primarily due to the lower costs of crude oil. Modern processes, such as Fischer-Tropsch, enable the production of liquid fuels from both renewable sources like solar energy, wind, biomass, and non-renewable sources such as natural gas or coal, while simultaneously reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Synthetic fuels are manufactured with the intention of neutralizing the amount of emitted greenhouse gases and eliminating the emission of sulfur and nitrogen oxides during transportation.

Synthetic fuels, especially those produced using energy from renewable sources, are particularly advantageous as they are 100% neutral in terms of emissions. The amount of emitted CO2 is exactly the same as what was previously extracted from the atmosphere for fuel production. It is worth emphasizing that the use of synthetic fuels does not require the construction of new engines; they can be applied to existing internal combustion engine vehicles.

The production process of synthetic fuels can utilize various raw materials, such as natural gas (GTL), coal (CTL), or biomass (BTL). Currently, the most developed and widely used methods involve the production from natural gas, coal, and the use of fossil fuels for synthetic gasoline production. On the other hand, biomass utilization represents a new, sustainable method for obtaining synthetic fuels, recommended in the context of combating global warming